HADRACH


HADRACH
HADRACH (Heb. חַדְרָךְ), city in Syria. Its identification is established by the biblical reference to the "land of Hadrach" in context with Damascus, Hamath, Tyre, and Sidon (Zech. 9:1). Some scholars also emend Ezekiel's description of the country's northern border from "the way of (Heb. haderekh) Hethlon" to "Hadrach-Hethlon," and accordingly locate it between the Mediterranean and Zedad (Ezek. 47:15). The city Hazrak is mentioned in an inscription of Zakir, king of Hamath and Luʿat (Lʿs; c. 780 B.C.E.), who captured the city and resisted its invasion by a coalition of kings from northern Syria and southern Anatolia. In the eighth century, the Assyrians stormed the city three times before Tiglath-Pileser III succeeded in conquering it in c. 738 B.C.E. He reduced it to an Assyrian province, bearing its name; an Assyrian governor is still found there in 689 B.C.E. Since Hadrach appears in Assyrian documents together with Mt. Saua (apparently Mt. al-Zāwiya), scholars locate the land of Hadrach between the valley of Unqi (Antiochia) in the north, Hamath in the south, and the Orontes in the west. The location of the city Hadrach, however, is disputed; it is most likely Kharake, near Mu'arat e-Nu'aman. A note from R. Joseph b. Dormaskit to R. Judah indicates that in talmudic times Hadrach was thought to be located in the vicinity of Damascus (Sif. Deut. 1). In the Middle Ages, the seat of Gaon Solomon b. Elijah and his yeshivah was called Hadrach; this is possibly the city Javbar, two miles (3 km.) northeast of Damascus, where remains of an ancient synagogue have been found. Hadrach was still mentioned by the travelers of the 16th and 17th centuries, as the place where the "Synagogue of the Prophet Elijah" whose ruins subsist to this day, was situated. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Noth, in: ZDPV, 52 (1929), 124–41; A. Dupont-Sommer, Les Araméens (1949), 51, 55, 62 f.; Mann, Texts, 2 (1935), 230 n. 215; A. Malamat, in: Eretz Israel, 1 (1951), 81ff.; B.Z. Luria, Ha-Yehudim be-Suryah (1957), 214, 243; I. Ben-Zvi, She'ar Yashuv (1965), 484ff.; Luckenbill, Records, index. (Michael Avi-Yonah)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hadrach — Hadrach, nach Einigen alter Name eines Landes, welches östlich von Damaskus lag; nach Anderen eine syrische Gottheit, mit Atergatis zusammenhängend; nach noch Anderen ein syrischer König, zwischen Benhadad III. u. Rezin …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hadrach —    The name of a country (Zech. 9:1) which cannot be identified. Rawlinson would identify it with Edessa. He mentions that in the Assyrian inscriptions it is recorded that Shalmanezer III. made two expeditions, the first against Damascus B.C. 773 …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Tubman, William V(acanarat) S(hadrach) — born Nov. 29, 1895, Harper, Liberia died July 23, 1971, London, Eng. President of Liberia (1944–71). Tubman educated himself in law before entering public service, eventually ascending to the Supreme Court (1937–44). As president, Tubman enacted… …   Universalium

  • Tubman, William V(acanarat) S(hadrach) — (29 nov. 1895, Harper, Liberia–23 jul. 1971, Londres, Inglaterra). Presidente de Liberia (1944–71). Fue autodidacta en derecho antes de entrar en la administración pública, desde donde ascendió finalmente al Tribunal Supremo (1937–44). Como… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • DAMASCUS — DAMASCUS, capital of Syria; in olden times a caravan center at an oasis in Southern Syria, on the principal crossroads between Mesopotamia Syria and Palestine Transjordan. In the Bible The name appears as דַּמֶּשֶׂק Dammesek (but once as… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Tubman — I. biographical name Harriet circa 1820 1913 American abolitionist II. biographical name William V(acanarat) S(hadrach) 1895 1971 Liberian lawyer; president of Liberia (1944 71) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • List of Biblical names — This is a list of names from the Bible, mainly taken from the 19th century public domain resource: : Hitchcock s New and Complete Analysis of the Holy Bible by Roswell D. Hitchcock, New York: A. J. Johnson, 1874, c1869.Each name is given with its …   Wikipedia

  • Liste biblischer Personen/H — Diese Liste biblischer Personen führt Eigennamen von Personen auf, die in der Bibel vorkommen. Sie ist nach dem Alphabet auf mehrere Seiten aufgeteilt. Jene Bibelstellen sind angegeben, wo die Person zuerst genannt wird. Namen von Orten, Bergen,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Meknès — مكناس,ⴰⵎⴻⴽⵏⴰⵙ Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Syrien [1] — Syrien, 1) (Syria, a. Geogr.), im weitern Sinne der Theil Asiens, welcher in der Bibel Aram heißt u. alles Land zwischen Mittelmeer, Ägypten, Arabien, dem Tigris u. Cilicien, also auch Assyrien, Mesopotamien, Babylonien, Judäa u. Phönicien… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.